Testicular Cancer Risk Factors
Testicular cancer risk factors, when present, don’t necessarily mean that a man will develop a testicular tumor, but they do mean that he should be particularly vigilant about his health. If a man with risk factors develops any unusual symptoms, he should report them to his physician and be sure to mention his medical history. This can help his physician arrive at a prompt and accurate diagnosis in the event that testicular cancer does develop.
The most common risk factors for testicular cancer include:
- Having an undescended testicle (cryptorchidism), a condition that can triple or even quadruple a man’s risk of developing testicular cancer
- Having a diagnosis of hypospadias (abnormal development of the penis and urethra), Kinefelter’s syndrome or testicular dysgenesis syndrome
- Having lower fertility levels than normal (testicular cancer risk can be up to 59 times greater in men who are considered clinically subfertile)
- Having a family history of testicular cancer
Age and race are also considered to be risk factors, although men of any genetic ancestry can develop the condition at any point in his life. However, testicular cancer is most frequently diagnosed in teens and younger men, as well as men of Caucasian descent. The oncologists in Moffitt Cancer Center’s Urologic Oncology Program can help patients assess their own unique risk profiles and develop appropriate surveillance or treatment plans, if necessary. Our testicular cancer program offers a complete range of advanced diagnostic tools in a single, convenient location, and we never require referrals. For more information about the risk factors for testicular cancer, call 1-888-MOFFITT or register for an appointment online with one of our highly specialized oncologists.