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Have you been advised to undergo an endometrial biopsy? Endometrial biopsies are commonly used to either confirm or rule out a diagnosis of endometrial (uterine) cancer. If a physician suspects endometrial cancer after performing a physical examination and reviewing the results of an imaging test, such as a pelvic or transvaginal ultrasound, he or she may order an endometrial biopsy to determine whether cancerous cells are present in the uterus.

Before discussing what to expect after an endometrial biopsy, it may be helpful to explain exactly what happens during this procedure. An endometrial biopsy usually takes about 10 to 15 minutes. You’ll lie on your back with your feet in stirrups and the physician will insert a speculum into your vagina, clean your cervix, then numb the area using an injection or a spray. The physician will then insert a thin, flexible tube through your cervix and into your uterus and gently apply suction to remove a small sample of endometrial tissue. The collected tissue will be sent to a lab, where a pathologist will examine it under a microscope to determine whether the sample contains any cancerous cells.

After an endometrial biopsy, some women experience light bleeding, so you may want to wear a sanitary pad for a few days. Keep in mind, however, that you shouldn’t use tampons during this time. With regard to pain, mild cramping is fairly common, so you may want to take an over-the-counter pain reliever. Be sure to only take the medications recommended by your physician, since certain types can increase bleeding. In addition to not using tampons, you should also not use any vaginal douches, have sexual intercourse or engage in strenuous activities for at least a few days following the procedure. Above all, be sure to follow any specific instructions provided by your physician.

First-rate treatment for endometrial cancer

If you need to have an endometrial biopsy performed, you can rely on the team at Moffitt Cancer Center. The specialists in our gynecological clinic are pleased to offer diagnostic and treatment services for endometrial cancer. Call 1-888-663-3488 or complete a new patient registration form online to request an appointment.