While some individuals do not experience meningioma symptoms before (or even after) they are diagnosed, there are several warning signs that can indicate the need for prompt medical attention. These warning signs can vary widely, however, because each type of meningioma develops in a different part of the brain or spinal cord.
Headaches, dizziness, seizures and muscle weakness are symptoms that can occur with any type of meningioma. Additionally, some of the warning signs associated with specific types of meningioma include:
- Convexity meningioma – Personality changes; hearing loss; neurological complications, such as a loss of coordination or muscle strength in the extremities; vertigo; fainting spells
- Sphenoid wing meningioma – Loss of facial sensation; facial numbness; blurred vision
- Suprasellar meningioma – Blurred, double or patchy vision; total vision loss
- Parasagittal and falcine meningioma – Problems with logic or reasoning; memory loss; loss of control over the limbs
- Intraventricular meningioma – Unusual feeling of pressure within the head; wooziness
- Olfactory groove meningioma – Loss of sense of smell; loss of vision (in cases where a tumor grows large enough to compress the optic nerve)
- Optic nerve sheath meningioma – Gradual loss of vision; color blindness; a bulging appearance in an affected eye
- Posterior fossa/petrous meningioma – Loss of facial control; loss of hearing (in cases where a tumor compresses the cranial nerves)
- Spinal meningioma – Back pain; pain that radiates through the arms or legs (in cases where a tumor compresses a nerve root that branches out from the spinal cord)
- Foramen magnum meningioma – Difficulty walking; involuntary twitching/tremors; loss of fine motor skills; pain in the upper neck or behind the eyes
To properly diagnose meningioma, it is critical for a physician to evaluate a patient’s symptoms.
At Moffitt Cancer Center, anyone who is experiencing any of these warning signs can consult with a team of experts who specialize in diagnosing and treating various types of brain tumors, and no referral is required. With our noteworthy expertise and advanced diagnostic tools, we have helped countless individuals get the answers they deserve.
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Michael Vogelbaum, Program Leader, Department of Neuro-Oncology and Chief of Neurosurgery.