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Breast cancer develops from the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells, which can form tumors and spread throughout the breast and to other parts of the body. Fortunately, due to recent developments in breast cancer treatment, patients have a number of options that can help them lead healthy and productive lives despite a breast cancer diagnosis.

At Moffitt Cancer Center, we take a comprehensive, multispecialty approach to breast cancer treatment. We offer many treatment options as well as innovative clinical trials in a single convenient location. Every patient’s individualized treatment plan is created and carried out not just by one general oncologist, but by a collaborative team of specialists who work closely together to achieve the best possible outcome for the patient. Each patient’s case is reviewed by the members of our tumor board, who make evidence-based treatment recommendations based on the specific situation. 

Treatment plans may include some or all of the following, depending on the type and stage of the cancer and additional factors such as the overall health of the patient.

A doctor reviewing a breast scan

Breast Cancer Outcomes

The goal of any cancer treatment is to achieve the most favorable outcome while minimizing side effects and ensuring the best possible quality of life. On average, Moffitt's breast cancer treatment survival rates exceed 1.5 times the national average.

Our Outcomes

Surgery for breast cancer

Surgery may be necessary to remove as much of the tumor as possible, along with any affected lymph nodes. There are several different types of breast cancer surgery that our oncology team might recommend, including:

  • Lumpectomy – With this type of breast-conserving surgery, only the tumor and a small amount of healthy tissue surrounding it are removed. The amount of tissue removed depends on the size of the tumor.
  • Mastectomy – This surgery removes part or all of the breast tissue and may also remove lymph nodes from the underarm area. There are several types of mastectomies, such as:
  • Sentinel node mapping and biopsy – Dye is used to identify sentinel nodes, which are then surgically removed and evaluated for the presence of cancer cells to determine the extent or stage of the breast cancer.
  • Breast reconstruction – Breasts are surgically rebuilt after a mastectomy, either using artificial implants or a tissue transfer from elsewhere on the patient’s body.

Chemotherapy for breast cancer

Chemotherapy can be used as a primary treatment for breast cancer or paired with another treatment such as radiation therapy or surgery. There are dozens of different chemotherapies that may be used depending on factors like the stage and type of breast cancer, the patient’s age and overall health, any unique genetic factors and other treatments being used. Chemotherapy is commonly delivered intravenously (with an IV), though it can also be administered as an oral medication. Moffitt’s oncologists specializing in breast cancer treatments are fertility experts and can make it possible for women to receive carefully-timed chemotherapy while pregnant or with the goal of retaining fertility for future childbearing.

Radiation therapy for breast cancer

Moffitt is pleased to offer numerous non-chemo treatments for breast cancer as well, such as radiation therapy, which uses high-energy rays to destroy breast cancer cells. Radiation may be delivered to the whole breast or a small part of the breast, or intraoperative radiotherapy may be directed toward the immediate area surrounding the tumor during surgery using an advanced system called INTRABEAM® Radiation Radiotherapy. Radiation therapy may be used as a follow-up to a surgical treatment with the goal of destroying any cancer cells that remained after surgery and preventing the cancer from coming back.

Hormone/endocrine therapy for breast cancer

Hormone therapies can block the body’s ability to produce estrogen and progesterone, which can slow or stop the growth of hormone receptor-positive breast cancers. It may be used before surgery to shrink a tumor, make the surgery easier and lower the risk of recurrence. Hormone therapy is often then continued after surgery or may be used only after surgery to reduce the risk that the breast cancer will come back.

If you have received a breast cancer diagnosis, or test results indicative of breast cancer, the experts at Moffitt can help. You can submit a new patient appointment request - no referral needed.
Request an Appointment

Targeted drug therapy for breast cancer

Targeted therapy uses drugs that target the specific genes, proteins or tissue environment of a patient’s breast cancer. These medications aim to prevent the growth and spread of cancer cells while limiting damage to healthy cells. Different types of targeted drug therapies are used for different tumor types.

Immunotherapy for breast cancer

Immunotherapy boosts the patient’s own immune system and ‘trains’ it to recognize, target and destroy breast cancer cells. A common type of immunotherapy is a checkpoint inhibitor, which helps the immune system differentiate between healthy cells and cancerous cells. Immunotherapy may be paired with chemotherapy for best results.

Breast cancer clinical trials

Moffitt is committed to discovering and developing cutting-edge new treatments for breast cancer through our robust clinical trials program. We are constantly innovating in order to provide our patients with the best chance of survival and recovery.

Gayle is a Metastatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Cancer Survivor
Participating [in the clinical trial] was amazing because the medication is now approved and it's being given to patients.
Breast/Neuroendocrine Tumor Cancer Survivor

Common breast cancer treatment FAQs

A breast cancer diagnosis can be scary and overwhelming. Many patients want to learn as much as possible about their disease so they can make informed decisions about their treatment. With that in mind, we’ve compiled a list of common breast cancer FAQs:

Why choose Moffitt Cancer Center for breast cancer treatment?

The Don & Erika Wallace Comprehensive Breast Program at Moffitt Cancer Center is a multispecialty clinic that offers the best and latest in breast cancer treatment. Our team includes experts in many relevant fields, such as surgeons, medical and radiation oncologists, pathologists, radiologists, plastic surgeons, fertility preservation specialists and more. We are proud to be the only National Cancer Institute-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center based in Florida. To learn more about our breast cancer treatment options or to schedule an appointment with our team, call us at 1-888-663-3488 or submit a new patient registration form online.


Treatment Options for Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer: Types of Treatment 
How Is Breast Cancer Treated? | CDC 

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